Voir Dire Legal Definition

What is Voir Dire?” 

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  • Voir Dire
Voir Dire Legal Definition

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Voir Dire legal definition: Voir dire is the process by which prospective jurors are questioned by attorneys and/or a judge in court. The purpose of voir dire is to determine:

  • If the prospective juror has any biases that could impact their decision in a court case
  • If the prospective juror would be able to deal with the issues related to the trial fairly

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There are several reasons why a juror would be found unfit to serve include:

  • Situations where a juror has an existing relationship or familiarity with any of the parties involved in the suit or any of their attorneys
  • When a juror strongly supports or is opposed to the death penalty
  • Situations in which the juror had a similar experience (i.e.: if they were sued for a similar claim or charged in a similar criminal case

While a judge may dismiss a juror for cause, attorneys for both sides are permitted a limited number of peremptory challenges. This allows them to dismiss a juror without stating why.





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