Cause of Action Legal Definition

What is a Cause of Action?” 

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Cause of Action Legal Definition

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Cause of Action legal definition: Simply put, a cause of action is the basis of a lawsuit. A cause of action is based on legal grounds and allegations that together provide the elements required to file suit. 

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Cause of Action in Car Accident Cases

If you’ve been seriously injured in a car accident, you may want to hire an experienced personal injury attorney to file your legal claim. In most car accident cases, your legal claim will be composed of several causes of action. In one motor vehicle accident claim, a cause of action could be made for one or all of the following:


Cause of Action in Medical Malpractice Cases

If you or someone you care about has been injured because of a diagnostic or treatment failure, or because a healthcare provider neglected to provide adequate warning of medical risks, you may be eligible for legal compensation. To recover those damages, you must file a legal claim and lay out your causes of action.

Common causes of action in medical malpractice cases include:

  • Negligence
  • Physical pain 
  • Mental anguish 
  • Medical bills
  • Lost wages
  • More

In cases where someone has died as a result of a medical error, two main causes of action may be made:

  1. Personal loss and suffering prior to death
  2. Wrongful death

Medical malpractice causes of action are among the most complex in the legal field. If you or someone you love has been harmed because of a medical error, it’s in your best interest to contact a skilled personal injury attorney as soon as possible.


Cause of Action in Personal Injury Cases

If you were hurt in an accident caused by the actions (or inaction) of someone else, you may need to file a personal injury lawsuit to recover damages for your injuries. While there are myriad types of personal injury cases – from car accidents to slip-and-falls – there are several common causes of action. They include:

  • Negligence
  • Physical injury
  • Pain and suffering
  • Emotional distress
  • Loss of enjoyment of life
  • Loss of consortium 
  • Recklessness
  • Product liability


Cause of Action in Workers’ Compensation Cases

In traditional workers’ compensation cases, causes of action generally do not come into play. However, if your injury was caused by someone other than your employer, you may have what is known as a third-party claim.

For example, you could have a third-party claim if you were injured at your construction job by a piece of machinery that was being operated by a contractor. 

Common causes of action for third-party work-related injury cases include:




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“If someone has a serious case, they will get a great effort and a great outcome working with us,” award-winning attorney Victor Pribanic of Pribanic & Pribanic told Best Lawyers Magazine.

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