Jurisdiction legal definition: Jurisdiction is defined as the authority of a court to hear and render a decision in a legal case. The purpose of jurisdiction is to determine where and how a case will be decided.
There are myriad types of jurisdiction, including:
In Rem Jurisdiction – This is jurisdiction over a subject matter such as a divorce or bankruptcy, as opposed to a person.
Personal Jurisdiction – This refers to jurisdiction over a person. A court has a personal jurisdiction if the individual in question maintains a residence or business in the area or can reasonably foresee being sued in that court.
Subject Matter Jurisdiction – This refers to authority over a specific subject matter, such as small claims courts.
Federal and State Jurisdiction – Federal courts have jurisdiction – or authority – over federal questions and conflicts, while state courts have authority over state matters.
Original Jurisdiction – This refers to a court’s jurisdiction when a claim is first filed, not on appeal.
“If someone has a serious case, they will get a great effort and a great outcome working with us,” award-winning attorney Victor Pribanic of Pribanic & Pribanic told Best Lawyers Magazine.